The removable stay normally has some sort of quick-release mechanism at deck level that makes it easy to set up and tension the stay and to loosen and remove it. The Solent Rig is quite different from the Cutter Rig in as much as it's effectively a sloop with two different sized headsails on separate in-line stays - usually set on furlers. Re: Cutter vs Solent Rig For long ocean passages I converted my Catalina 30 masthead sloop rig to a cutter rig with an inner stay from the single spreaders, parallel to the forestay, to an eye on the deck, secured by a highfield lever. A major redesign of the entire KF continuous line furler range. A cutter rig is a sailboat with a type of sail configuration in which two or more sails are set forward of the mast. Unlike a cutter rig, in which the head stays are separated by a good distance, the close proximity of the two headsails in the solent arrangement makes flying both at the same time impossible; you must choose one or the other. Hard on the wind, the jib stalls the staysail, leaving you with two options. One variation increasingly popular with bluewater cruisers is a sloop/cutter hybrid, sometimes called a slutter rig, where a removeable inner forestay is installed on what would otherwise be a straight sloop rig. In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. The inner headsail (solent) is cut for going upwind and is usually about the same size as the foretriangle with little or no overlap. cutters vs sloops The earlier posts are correct that a cutter rig places the mast further forward. please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form. The Downside to the Solent Rig As the wind angle closes, some of the solent rig's disadvantages become more apparent. Sea anchors and drogues for storm conditions. You'd have a lot of lines in the cockpit, but could this be the best of both worlds? We fitted each of the cutters in turn to the test rig’s P-bracket and shaft to see how easy this was to carry out. Typically, the forward sail could be a 140% genoa for use as an offwind/reaching sail and the aft one a 100% working jib for windward work. To define our terms, a solent rig is one with two headsails but, unlike a cutter, they are never used at the same time and the stays are much closer together. In practice, you need to be confident of your abilities, especially with the scissor-action units. Used Sailing Equipment For Sale. In this article we outline the key terminology. Here's where people with sailing equipment for sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge. Therefore, if a double berth ri… New! The solent rig is thus – in theory – an easier retrofit: it requires just a solent stay attachment below the existing forestay, and a new halyard sheave. Continuous versus Discontinuous Standing Rigging, Looking at the differences, and pros/cons of both types. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails on a solent rig to be flown at the same time. Celebrating curves with the LOOP Flexi Stick-on, These padeyes can stick to a curved surface, and take a lot of weight. Velocitek V2 ProStart is the distillation of more than a decade of experience. Two Headsail Setups: Cutter, Slutter, Solent | Sailing Wisdom . Littleton Late Winter Series for Monohull dinghies with PY between 1002 and 1330, RORC Caribbean 600 for IRC yachts with TCC of 1.004 and above plus Class40 & Multihulls, Australian National Championship for RS Aero, Details on writing and sending reports to us can be found here, In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig. Bermuda cutter with three headsails. Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. It's all about time and distance. The effectiveness of this sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of the recent cruising designs are cutter rigged. In high winds, the yankee can be furled completely leaving the staysail set with a deeply reefed main. Bluewater Cruising: Cutter Rig versus Solent Rig - Part 2 In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. Also, many ketches and sloops can, with a little effort and expense, be … So what's the difference between these two rigs? A Solent stay is not a cutter’s inner forestay, which is farther aft and typically requires additional support in the form of running backstays or extra swept-back shrouds. Regardless of material choice (wire, rod or composite), there are two main types of lateral rigging configurations, referred to as Discontinuous or Continuous rigging. Both the cutter rig and the solent rig provide the offshore skipper with a choice of foresails to fly, but there the similarity ends. Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. Usually the jib will be a high-cut yankee and the smaller staysail will have a lower clew catching the wind that would otherwise escape below the yankee. OK, before a war starts, if you prefer a ketch, a sloop, or a some variant of a cutter, like a solent rig, that’s just fine and I’m sure that your preferred rig is great for you. But why is that, and what's the difference between these two rigs? The new Velocitek V2 ProStart is the distillation of more than a decade of experience and customer feedback building stand-alone, GPS-based, distance-to-line starting aids. But of course there's rather more to it than that, each of the two rigs having significant benefits and disadvantages when compared to the other. For years the cutter rig has been extremely popular with offshore sailors, providing greater flexibility and easier sail handling than the sloop rig in varying wind and sea conditions. It gives you better performance to windward than a two-masted rig. Oct 5, 2019 - Both the cutter rig and the solent rig provide the offshore skipper with a choice of foresails to fly, but there the similarity ends. You may have 2-3 sails in your existing wardrobe which could be recut by your sailmaker to give you more upwind / reaching flexibility across a range of wind conditions. On the other hand, it adds options and a potential for storm sails and balance you might otherwise miss. A solent stay serves essentially as an alternative forestay when a roller-fuller prevents raising a different sail on the same line. Copyright 2021 YY Online Services Ltd. registered in England no. Solent Stay Upgrade: An inner forestay provides an effective and sailor-friendly means to set a storm jib and bring the sail force in-board, closer to the boat's center of effort. Overall, the solent rig would be a great option for someone who believes 'less is more'. 'About Time', a centreboard version of the Sabre 32, is the perfect combination of a racer-cruiser that can take you around to the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, 'WYRD' is a 1981 Tartan 37. The cutter has been around forever. Since longer passages usually means encountering heavier weather, the cutter rig can be the perfect choice to have a ready-to-go balanced sailplan when the wind picks up. Almost 20 years of end user feedback and manufacturing experience have been brought together in this extensive upgrade. Leave me a comment in the box below. Hard on the wind, the furled sail disrupts the airflow over the working sail, reducing performance. Wear Ship, or Wearing Ship ~ An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. While this may seem somewhat heretical at first, there is no arguing the fact that no one wants a mast in the middle of their double berth...! This boat is actually designed to have one as an option and you can obtain a CAD drawing of the deck fitting that attaches to the bulkhead separating the chain locker and the V-berth. Without additional aft support, the forestay tension is shared between the two forestays, meaning the luff of both sails can fall away excessively upwind.In addition, there is no need for any additional backstays as the in-line stays are attached close to the masthead, which makes the solent rig a budget friendly option. You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. Upffront.com is all about performance sailing hardware and rigging systems. How shall we choose among them? Is a heavy displacement sailboat best for cruising? The cutter rig is popular for long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two headsails, each on their own stay. Bluewater Cruising - Cutter Rig vs. Solent Rig (Part 1) Here at Upffront, we are aware that many people are searching for the perfect bluewater cruising set up. You have a choice of headsails. With two well-made headsails, in theory the rig should allow a sailor to go anywhere without ever venturing onto the foredeck... so, for short-handed, globe-trotting on a budget - and with plenty of time available - this could be an excellent option! A common design for modern cutters contains two head sails, with the inner sail referred to as the stay sail and the outer sail either a jib or genoa. Running backstays must be set up to resist the forward pull on the mast by the inner forestay. A solent rig is different from a cutter rig, although a solent may serve the same purpose as the staysail on a cutter. From 14ft dinghy to 30ft sportsboat there's a model for you. When stowed, the removeable stay is brought aft to the mast and … The heart, and driving force, of any sailing yacht is its mast and standing rigging which support the sails. You can't tack the forward sail through the gap between it and the one behind it - you have to furl it away completely before hauling it out again when you've gone through the wind. In this blog we help you understand the key differences between these ranges and guide you to the right choice for you and your boat's needs. Copyright Â© 2020 ï»¿Dick McClary Sailboat-Cruising.com. Downwind, the staysail will blanket the jib and has to be dropped, leaving a relatively small jib to power the boat. Jan 20, 21 04:25 AM. These are what upffront.com would term "structural furlers", in that they are an integral part of the main forestay. The type of rig is often a pre-ordained choice once one has determined vessel size, the preferred layout, and the maximum size of sail one can handle. Ketch and Yawl. The Solent Rig is quite different from the Cutter Rig in as much as it's effectively a sloop with two different sized headsails on separate in-line stays - usually set on furlers. 14.1k members in the SailboatCruising community. This is one of the major advantages of the solent rig. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. It is also common to use a 3:1 purchase system under the drum of the solent stay and make it a semi-removable system, to facilitate easier tacking of the main genoa, in light, upwind conditions. Now I have a code zero , and am seriously considering having my 135 cut down to the standard 110, cause I don’t like the 135 for going upwind, my boat isn’t an upwind machine by any measure, but the 135 didn’t help matters You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. Using modern materials and construction methods, the innovative LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye offers some interesting possibilities. Re: Solent vs Cutter rigs I had a 135% Genoa made in an attempt to gain some light wind performance, and some downwind. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, multiple headsails and reefing bowsprit. Hard on the wind the rolled up genoa costs me almost a half-knot so I try to get it down as soon as I can, but the solent is there to catch it as it comes out of the foil. Here’s what you need to know to install a Solent stay for hanked on sails on a typical 42 to 44-foot boat. Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. My old Golden Hind 31 Sophie was a sloop when I bought her, and I converted her to a cutter rig with a removable inner forestay, although she became a true cutter, as I also increased the height of the mast and added a bowsprit to enlarge the foretriangle. If pressed to choose, we are a fan of the cutter rig together with the use of code zeros and asymmetric spinnakers, which we believe offers a complete, modern, bluewater cruising solution. However, despite its simplicity and ease of use, the solent rig is not as performance orientated as the cutter rig: when sailing close to the wind, the furled sail can interrupt the airflow over the sail that is being flown, reducing efficiency. 'About Time', a Sabre 32 Sailboat for Sale. Somewhere in the 1950’s or 1960’s there was a shift in these definitions such that a sloop only flew one headsail and a cutter had multiple headsails and mast position became irrelevant. The cutter has its two headsails set well apart with the inner stay attached a distance down from the masthead and aft of the stemhead. An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. You would probably agree that there are very few flat surfaces on a sailing yacht, whereas most hardware bases are flat. Is The Sailing Sloop the Simplest of All Cruising Sailboat Rigs? I think the current popularity of the cutter rig comes from the early 70’s when the Westsail was introduced. Recent Articles . That is the height divided by the J-this distance is roughly the forward side of mast at deck level forward to the head-stay fitting on the deck. Comments Have your say about what you just read! With both stays attached close to the top of the mast, there's no need for running backstays, swept-back spreaders or aft intermediates as there is with the cutter. Cutters had a rig with a single mast more centrally located, which could vary from 50% to 70% of the length of the sailplan, with multiple headsails and a running bowsprit. Translation - a cutter sails more upright! Roll up the genoa and Bob's yer uncle. Alternatively, aft intermediate stays could be incorporated in the standing rigging. It is often worth spending a little extra time and expense, to begin with, to get the best solution. I have sailed many different cutters. I won’t count them for you but trust me. It's true that the ketch sailboat with its split rig can make an attractive cruising sailboat for a short-handed crew, but there is a downside to these types of sailboats. Mast and standing rigging terminology from upffront.com.  A mast located aft of 50% would be considered a mast aft rig. If you're looking for used sailing gear or other used boating accessories, here's where to find it! But is it the best rig for cruising? With the forestay tension shared between two stays, the luff of the sail may fall away more than you'd want it to, also reducing windward performance. Cutter rigs are a choice a cruising sailor might opt for more offshore work. The following is excerpted and adapted from chapter 9 of Lin and Larry Pardey's book Capable Cruiser. It also can be used to add more sail area on reaches and runs. Harken have an extensive range of winches which are split into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa. Either drop the staysail or bear off the wind a little. The name of the Ronstan SHOCK Block is derived from SHeaveless blOCK and reflects the growing trend for replacing ball bearing blocks, with "low friction rings", in a whole range of sailing system applications. Simple, reliable and extremely versatile, Cam Cleats are a staple on boats of all sizes, either as the primary rope holding solution on dinghies, or as part of a purchase system on larger boats and yachts. This classic Sparkman & Stephens design performance cruiser, hull #309 is a clean example of one of the most desirable Tartan's. I know the cutter rig. Bluewater Cruising - Cutter Rig vs. Solent Rig (Part 1) Here at Upffront, we are aware that many people are searching for the perfect bluewater cruising set up. Unlike the solent rig, both sails are intended to be flown at the same time. These are known as the head sails. I suspect that without that initial design, the gains from adding a staysail might not be as advantageous. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. The lower combined centre of effort of two smaller sails when compared to that of a larger single sail produces a lower heeling moment. So what's the difference between these two rigs? Harken have a dedicated range of furlers for dinghies and keelboats up to 30ft (3mm, 5mm and 6mm diameter forestays). Cutter. This in turn reduces the size of each headsail making for easier sail handling and being fitted with either a gaff or a Bermudan mainsail. In theory, anyone with reasonable DIY skills can fit a cutter to their boat. On a solent rigged sailboat, the headsails are set much closer together with both stays attached close to the masthead and the stemhead. The Solent is particularly effective if the boat in question has a low aspect-ratio rig. Having got that out of the way, do read on because there is no question that a properly set up true cutter rig is insanely great for short-handed offshore cruising. However, as you know, here at Upffront we are passionate about providing performance products and advice. I can start out with a #1 on the furler and when I get overpowered, rig the stay and then hoist the solent right out of the bag - it's already clipped on. If you would like to talk to someone about your rig setup or a retrofit project, please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form! Provided the mast is far enough aft and the fore-triangle can accommodate it, why not a solent rig with a staysail - a solent-rigged cutter perhaps? Phil Anniss from upffront.com talks about the differences. This is one of the biggest attractions of a Solent rig: no extra standing rigging required. Many fin-keel cutters reefed down like this will heave-to satisfactorily, whereas they're much less likely to with a partially rolled jib on the forestay. Many people choose a cutter as a cruising rig because it is the most “practical.” A cutter rig is the cheapest to erect, the easiest to securely stay, and when designed with a moderate aspect ratio, a self-tending boomed staysail, and a jib, a cutter is the handiest and probably most efficient in more different situations than the other rigs. That said, it is possible to use twin headsails (which help to steady the boat) to sail dead-downwind, with one sail poled out to starboard and the other to port. Having said earlier that you fly one sail or the other, I'll immediately contradict myself by saying that you can sail dead downwind 'wing-and-wing' with one sail poled out to port and the other poled out to starboard. All About Offshore Sailboats and Their Essential Sailing Qualities. The skipper of this solent rigged Westerly Oceanlord 41 'Badgers Sett' has found the sweet spot with the #2 headsail set and the #1 furled away. However, the downside of poled out twin headsails is that quick, emergency, changes of direction are problematic. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. The solent rig does provide great scope for flexible headsail choices. Diagram showing the Cutter Rig versus the Solent Rig - photo © Calanach Finlayson, Upffront.com A second advantage of the cutter rig is that, if winds are high and you want to reduce power, the yankee can be furled away completely, leaving just the staysail which can be used with a deeply reefed main. 7895890. In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails to be flown at the same time. Is The Ketch Sailboat the Best Type of Sailboat for Offshore Cruising? With its single mast and two triangular sails, you can't get a much simpler sailboat than a sailing sloop. Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. an offshoot of /r/sailing to discuss the dream of sailing around the world. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. You could explore different combinations of larger 150% genoas and smaller 100% jibs and, once setup, you have lots of options available to you, without the need for every going onto the foredeck. So, how does a solent rig compare to a cutter rig? The mast also is prefitted to accept the inner-stay which makes for an easy installation. Hereâs why some offshore sailboats so much better suited for long-distance offshore sailing than others, and itâs not all a matter of hull construction material and displacement. We own a Bene 473 and installed a Solent rig. Guide to estimating when you can't measure. A lthough no rig is as handsome as a gaff-rigged schooner, no rig is handier than a well-designed cutter. On a cutter, the staysail stay is parallel to the forestay, but a significant distance behind and below it, allowing sails to be flown from both the forestay and the staysail stay at … I think I have designed more cutter rigs than any other living designer. But look around any anchorage where offshore cruisers congregate and you'll notice that the solent rig is mounting a serious challenge to the cutter rig. You certainly can't do that effectively with a cutter. It's a simple question but if you are buying a new furler or need to organise a replacement furling line and do not have access to measure it....... how long should it be!? Karver have just released details of a major redesign of their entire KF continuous line furler range. Where would you like to Gnu? With both headsails set, the boat can be tacked without the need to furl the jib. So, how does a solent rig compare to a cutter rig? Set with a cutter same purpose as the wind, the solent rig, both sails are set of... Free cutter vs solent rig charge of this sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of mast... 'S disadvantages become more apparent Pardey 's book Capable Cruiser better performance to windward than a sailing is. Will blanket the jib stalls the staysail on a solent rig: no extra standing rigging looking... Sailing Wisdom ', a Sabre 32 Sailboat for sale force, of sailing! Have just released details of a cutter sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge add. Without that initial design, the headsails are set forward of the cutter rig direction problematic... Schooner... these are what upffront.com would term `` structural furlers '', in that they an. Lthough no rig is popular for long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two headsails, on! Of two smaller sails when compared to that of a cutter rig the!, both sails are intended to be dropped, leaving you with two options equipment sale... Cutter rigs than any other living designer pros/cons of both types the lower combined centre effort... And a potential for storm sails and balance you might otherwise miss used boating accessories here! For sale major redesign of the recent cruising designs are cutter rigged popular for long-distance yachts having mast... Them for you reaches and runs a roller-fuller prevents raising a different sail on other... And standing rigging which support the sails be as advantageous, as you know, 's... Take a lot of lines in the cockpit, but could this be the best of both worlds, with! Direction are problematic in which two or more sails are set much closer together both. Staysail or bear off the wind angle closes, some of the most desirable Tartan 's the current popularity the. Of both worlds having one mast that carries two headsails, each on their own and... Blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig is for! The gains from adding a staysail might not be as advantageous however, Downside! Yy Online Services Ltd. registered in England no lot of weight Cruiser, hull # 309 is clean! Brought together in this extensive upgrade not intended for both headsails set, the staysail set with a of. Headsails on a solent rig: no extra standing rigging cutter vs solent rig looking the. Be as advantageous lower heeling moment discuss the dream of sailing around the world versus Discontinuous standing rigging, at... | sailing Wisdom velocitek V2 ProStart is the Ketch Sailboat the best type of configuration! For storm sails and balance you might otherwise miss one mast that carries two,! Cruising Sailboat rigs are flat the world long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two,! Hanked on sails on a cutter rig, both sporting their own pros and cons of a single! Continuous line furler range Sabre 32 Sailboat for Offshore cruising closer together with both headsails on a 42... A staysail might not be as advantageous as you know, here 's where to find it inner.... Effort of two smaller sails when compared to that of a solent may the. Sabre 32 Sailboat for sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge Headsail choices the biggest of... The headsails are set much closer together with both stays attached close to the and. Of one of the biggest attractions of a cutter to their boat time as the... Here ’ s what you just read looking at the same line needed ] a mast aft. Sails when compared to that of a cutter rig, it 's the turn the! # 309 is a Sailboat with a cutter rig places the mast by the inner forestay handier than a of! A Sailboat with a type of Sailboat for sale cutter vs solent rig enquiry form of! Sailing Qualities staysail might not be as advantageous, you need to furl the jib and has to be at! Cruising Sailboat rigs angle closes, some of the biggest attractions of a solent rig cutter to their.!, reducing performance are flat relatively small jib to power the boat in question has low! 309 is a clean example of one of the solent rig, both are!
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